Anxiety disorders: an introduction to phobias & explanations biological approach genetic factors some people acquire phobias whilst others do not, even if they have the same opportunities for learning. The biological approach states that psychological abnormality has a physical cause this explanation does not consider the cognitions, learned behaviour or early psychosexual experiences mcguffin et al (1996) investigated the genetic component of depression. Social anxiety disorder, sometimes referred to as social phobia, is a type of anxiety disorder that causes extreme fear in social settings people with this disorder have trouble talking to people. Biological explanations of anxiety: part iv matthew d jacofsky, psyd, melanie t santos, psyd, sony khemlani-patel, phd & fugen neziroglu, phd of the bio behavioral institute the endocrine system: while the nervous system communicates with the rest of the body through electrical signals, the endocrine system communicates through. As mentioned, biological factors (or vulnerabilities) usually have to be in place for an anxiety disorder to manifest because of advancements in genetic research, we now know that many diseases and disorders have a genetic component.
The 'preparedness explanation suggests that human beings have a genetic predisposition to develop phobias to certain items and situations, such as fear of darkness, heights open spaces and strangers these were potential sources of danger to us thousands of years ago. Phobias: genetic causes this activity will help you to: recall research techniques used to trace genetic contributions to psychological disorders interpret data from psychological studies comment on data from genetic studies assess the genetic theory of phobias write essay commentary genetic studies of psychological disorders. Genetic and biological factors it has been observed that there is a hereditary component to social anxiety for example, studies have shown that people whose parents and siblings have social phobia are more likely to suffer from it themselves.
One strength of the psychodynamic approach is that they focused on the effects that childhood experiences have on the developing personality this is a strength because freud was the first psychologist to realise the importance of childhoodit also led to other psychologists including piaget developing theories on childhood. Understanding and treating biological and chemical phobias from the perspective of psychologists and sociologists, a phobia is an irrational fearhowever, biologists and doctors sometimes use the term to describe the reaction of animals, plants, and human beings to certain stimuli. An explanation may be at hand, suggests a recent research study another recent study done in finland indicated that adopted children that had a high genetic/biological risk of schizophrenia (their mother had schizophrenia) - had an 86% lower rate of developing schizophrenia when brought up in a healthy family vs a dysfunctional family. Over sensitive fear response can be explained in terms of the functioning of the autonomic nervous system in some individuals there may be high levels of arousal of the ans, which leads to increased amounts of adrenaline. Biological explanation of phobias genetic factors one biological explanation for the cause of phobic disorders suggests that we can relate it back to our genetics this theory values the ‘nature’ side in the nature vs nurture debate.
Genetics certainly account for some of the biological differences between people, but our biological make-up also accounts for the similarities among people one such similarity is the human response to fear. In “untangling genetic networks of panic, phobia, fear, and anxiety,” villafuerte and burmeister reviewed several earlier studies in an attempt to determine what, if any, genetic causes can be identified for anxiety disorders. Causes of phobias throughout the last few decades, scientists, psychologists and doctors have researched and analyzed many people who suffer from different kinds of phobia the first thing to note here is once more that phobias are extremely complex and there is no way to tell with 100% certainty that someone is suffering from a phobia. The science of shyness: the biological causes of social anxiety disorder adrienne wardy although many people are unaware of its existence, social anxiety disorder is the third most common psychiatric disorder, after depression and alcoholism, according to the medical research council on anxiety disorders (1). Genetic and environmental factors can cause phobias children who have a close relative with an anxiety disorder are at risk of developing a phobia distressing events, such as nearly drowning.
According to edmund bourne (2000), author of the highly popular the anxiety & phobia workbook, people often offer single cause explanations for anxiety disorders, including professionals many people will often offer simplistic explanations of anxiety disorders. Anxiety is a psychological, physiological, and behavioral state induced in animals and humans by a threat to well-being or survival, either actual or potential it is characterized by increased arousal, expectancy, autonomic and neuroendocrine activation, and specific behavior patterns the function. The biological approach believes us to be as a consequence of our genetics and physiology it is the only approach in psychology that examines thoughts, feelings, and behaviors from a biological and thus physical point of view.
We tested the effects of biological explanations among mental health clinicians, specifically examining their empathy toward patients conventional wisdom suggests that biological explanations reduce perceived blameworthiness against those with mental disorders, which could increase empathy. A mindmap about the genetic explanation of phobias (24 marks) 50 / 5 hide show resource information the blood phobic had at least one close relative who also suffered from blood phobia theory suggests - genetic trait 'inhibition' increases the likelihood of phobia passing to offspring biological explanations of phobias 00 / 5. Biological factors risk factors may include genetic susceptibilities, but not much is known about the biological factors that cause and maintain specific phobias however, when a person encounters a feared stimulus, many biological changes occur in the body, including changes in brain activity, the release of cortisol, insulin, and growth. Couple of paragraphs of commentary explaining, with reference to these examples and the genetic data we have also looked at, the extent to which phobias can be explained wholly in biological terms liebowitz et al (1985) stressed.